How to avoid osteoporosis

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How to avoid osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis affects more than half of American women over 50, and almost a third of men in that age group. Decreased bone density caused by the disease can lead to fractures. Proper diet and exercise, and some medications, can help prevent osteoporosis. Have a question? Get an answer from a doctor now!


Step One

Ask your doctor to give you a bone mineral density test if you think you are at risk for developing osteoporosis.


Step Two

Talk with your doctor about estrogen replacement therapy and other drugs that prevent osteoporosis.


Step Three

Eat a diet high in calcium and vitamin D. Some good foods are dark green leafy vegetables, broccoli, sardines, salmon, kelp, oysters and dairy products.


Step Four

Take calcium and vitamin D supplements. Vitamin D encourages calcium absorption.


Step Five

Exercise daily if possible. Weight-bearing exercises like running, walking and lifting weights are best for bone health.


Step Six

Limit foods that deplete or prevent proper absorption of calcium: caffeine, soft drinks (or anything else containing phosphorus), or excessive amounts of protein or wheat bran eaten along with calcium-rich food.


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