How to treat dry eyes

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How to treat dry eyes

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Are your eyes tired, worn out, or dry? Eyes use over 80% of our total energy output. So, when your eyes are troubling you, you use even more energy to function. Dry eyes are just one problem that can deplete your body’s energy. They can also be a symptom for a variety of other problems. Determine what’s causing your dry eyes and provide nutrients to your eyes. You’ll soon notice the dry eyes disappear and your energy returning.


Step One

Understand why tears are important. Not only do tears keep the eyes moisturized, they also perform several important roles. Tears provide necessary electrolytes and have bacteria-fighting enzymes and proteins which keep your eyes healthy. Tears quickly cover your entire eye to provide moisture and nutrients all over. A problem with any part of a tear can cause problems for your entire eye. The cause can be virtually anything, but you may try a variety of treatments.


Step Two

Use artificial tear drops. Artificial tear drops are simply designed to lubricate dry eyes and keep them moist on the outer surface. Artificial tear drops do not necessarily treat the underlying cause of your dry eyes. Instead, they provide relief from the symptoms. Some contain preservatives that can irritate your eyes if you use them more than four times per day. If you need to use artificial tears more than four times per day, look for preservative-free artificial tears. Trial and error is usually the only way to find the best brand of artificial tears for your particular dry eyes. In some cases, a combination of a few brands may be even be necessary. They are available over the counter and are available in a wide assortment of brands.


Step Three

Try medicated eye drops. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose is the most commonly used medication for dry, irritated eyes followed by Carboxy Methylcellulose. These are also used as lubricants in tear drops and can be found in many over the counter drops. You might also look for antibiotic eye ointment like tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol. These are useful if you have eyelid swelling.


Step Four

Get an eye exam. If you've tried eye drops and prescription drops, but still have severe dry eyes, see your eye doctor. Once the doctor has determined the cause of your dry eyes, you'll have other treatment options available to you. If you're experiencing pain, like itching, burning, or blurred vision, see your eye doctor.


Step Five

Use an eye ointment. Your doctor may prescribe an eye ointment. Unlike artificial tears which treat symptoms of dry eyes, ointments are medicated to treat the cause of your dry eyes. Eye ointments can also comfort because of their lubricating effect. They're useful during extended periods when artificial tears can't be applied. (While sleeping, for example.)


Step Six

Have surgery to plug your tear ducts. You may need a more permanent or aggressive treatment. Your doctor may suggest inserting plugs into your tear ducts. These block tear drainage so your eyes remain lubricated. These plugs conserve your tears, as well as any artificial tears you use.


Step Seven

Cauterize your tear ducts. If you've had your tear ducts plugged, but are still dealing with aggressive dry eyes, your doctor may suggest cauterizing the tear ducts. Once your doctor approves this surgery, an eyecare professional will exam you and perform the surgery. Understand that your tear ducts may actually heal over time. You'd need to have the surgery or another kind done to treat your eyes again. Cauterizing your tear ducts is a reversible surgery.


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