How to Fix Appliances

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How to Fix Appliances

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Appliances tend to stop working now and again, but before assuming they are broken, firstly check that the appliance cord is plugged in. Many times an appliance fails to operate because of no power. Examine electrical cords for signs of wear or other damage. Use a voltage detector to test whether the outlet is working. This simple sensor device, which is about the size of a pen, indicates the presence of electrical voltage. Also, check the breaker box. You may have to reset a circuit breaker. Major appliances can overload a circuit and trip the breaker when too much electrical current passes through.


Check that the appliance cord is plugged in. Many times an appliance fails to operate because of no power. Examine electrical cords for signs of wear or other damage. Use a voltage detector to test whether the outlet is working. This simple sensor device, which is about the size of a pen, indicates the presence of electrical voltage. Also, check the breaker box. You may have to reset a circuit breaker. Major appliances can overload a circuit and trip the breaker when too much electrical current passes through.


Turn off the appliance and disconnect the power source before beginning any repair work. Shut off the water supply to a washing machine, dishwasher or ice maker. Read all warning labels located on the outside of an electrical appliance.


Refer to the owner's manual, which often includes information about how to make repairs, as well as where to get replacement parts. Many manuals have detailed drawings and diagrams showing all the parts inside, in addition to assembly instructions. Some even offer basic troubleshooting tips. Parts that are held in place by screws, spring clips or other types of fasteners can normally be repaired by someone other than a professional repair technician.


Line up parts as you disassemble the appliance, working in a left to right direction. Do this even if you only have to dismantle part of the appliance. Remember how to put the appliance back together once you take it apart. Place any screws, clips or other small parts into a container so that they won't get lost. Wear a pair lightweight work gloves to protect your hands from cuts and scratches when removing parts with sharp edges. When it comes time to reassemble the appliance, work in reverse, replacing parts in order from right to left.


Visit a local hardware store to buy any standard parts that you may need to replace. Manufacturers now use interchangeable parts to keep costs down. If you find that you need to order a part directly from the manufacturer, be prepared to provide the model and serial numbers of the appliance. Model numbers for kitchen ranges are usually found on the inside of the oven door on a metal plate. For other major appliances, a gold or silver foil plate is generally located somewhere on the outside of the appliance casing. Some major appliance parts have model and serial numbers of their own. You can also purchase parts from a service center or retail store that sells the parts you need, or online, often at discount pricing.


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