Indian Hawthorn is a hardy, evergreen shrub with glossy green leaves. Resistant to summer wilt, it’s great in warm climates alone or in a hedge-forming row. Small flowers in the spring and blue-black berry clusters in the fall add to its beauty. After a frost, the leaves turn orange or red and remain on the shrub until new growth begins in the spring.
Cultivate the planting area by loosening the ground with a spade and amending with a rich compost. Indian Hawthorn prefers well-drained acid to alkaline soil in sun to partial shade. For the most successful flowering, place in full sun.
Plant nursery bought shrubs at a distance to accommodate their size. A mature plant can grow as high and wide as 5 feet. Plant close together to form a hedge. Plant farther apart for a beautiful mounding effect.
Mulch around the shrubs to retain moisture and water regularly. This plant can tolerate mild drought conditions and does not like excessive watering.
Fertilize with an all-purpose fertilizer in the spring before new growth appears.
Prune annually, if you want, but this usually is necessary only when you want to form a hedge.
Propagate Indian Hawthorn with wood cuttings. Start seeds indoors in late winter or sew directly into the ground after the last frost.