Honeysuckles are members of the Lonicera genus, a branch of the Caprifoliaceae family containing around 200 species. Honeysuckles are woody, herbaceous vines and shrubs typified by their sweet-scented, nectar-rich, trumpet-shaped blossoms. Native honeysuckle species exist worldwide, from subtropical Florida to frozen Siberia.
Coral Honeysuckle -Coral honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens), also known as trumpet honeysuckle, is a Lonicera indigenous to the United States. The native range of this trailing vine extends from Connecticut west to Nebraska, and south to Texas and Florida. Coral honeysuckle bears small, oval, bright green leaves and long, tubular orange-red flowers that attract ruby-throated hummingbirds and butterflies.
Japanese Honeysuckle -Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) is a vigorous climbing vine native to eastern Asia and Japan. It is found throughout the United States, in many places being considered an invasive weed. Its aromatic flowers are creamy white and golden yellow in color, with pronounced upper and lower lips.
Edible Blue Honeysuckle -Edible blue honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea), also known as honeyberry, is endemic to the eastern Russian regions of Siberia and Kamchatka. This shrub is the only honeysuckle known for producing edible fruit. These fruit resemble elongated blueberries and are similar in flavor to blueberries and black currants.