Fountains can be as big or as small as you wish. Most of them consist of a standard pump connected by a nozzle to a fountain head. There is nothing more relaxing than the sound of a fountain trickling in a backyard garden pond so if you have a water garden or pond and want to hear those calming sounds, don’t worry; it is easy enough to set up a fountain for a fish pond.
Determine what you want to use your fountain for in your fish pond. For a large pond, you may want to create a larger fountain spray with a multilayered head. In a small pond, a simple bell fountain may do. In general, the larger your pond, the larger capacity fountain you will want to use. Fountain pumps are measured in gallons per hour that they can pump out.
Install a ground fault circuit interrupt (GFCI) near the pond for the fountain if there is not one there already. These types of circuits will automatically cut off if they detect a current leak and will help prevent accidental electrocution when operating around water. Consult a local electrician to install it, if needed.
Place a platform on the bottom of the pond for the fountain to sit on. The fountain pump should be kept elevated from the muck on the bottom of the pond, because the muck could get sucked up into the pump and cause it to malfunction or burn out early. Use a cinder block or some type of brick that will not react with the pond water. Another trick that is useful for smaller pumps is to bury the fountain pump in a clay flower pot filled with gravel. The gravel serves as a prefilter to keep the pump clean and also helps weigh it down.
Set the pump in the water and on top of the platform. Adjust the fountain nozzle so that it is above the surface of the water.
Plug the fountain into the GFCI outlet.
Adjust the flow on the fountain to the appropriate level by adjusting the flow nozzle, which is usually positioned on the body of the pump. There may also be another separate adjustment valve on the fountain attachment.