Nosebleeds can occur due to various reasons, for example, accidents, sports ( boxing) , fighting , nose picking, and certain, medical conditions, like , high blood pressure, atherosclerosis and medications (aspirin,anticoagulants).
This article will show you various ways to try and stop the nose bleed.
The key is to try and stop the nosebleed as quickly as possible. First , sit the person down on a chair and don't tilt the head back or lie the person down on the back because these positions will cause the blood to flow back into the throat or nasal passages and the person will be at risk of choking or regurgitation by having to swallow copious amounts of blood. 1
Apply pressure with the thumb and index finger to the fleshy soft area near the top of the nose and squeeze firmly. Hold this position for a few minutes ( 6 minutes) and release. if the bleeding continues then repeat the process again. The nose bleed should have had enough time for the blood to clot and stop the bleed, If the bleed still continues after 10-15 minutes then take the person to the ER or doctor to seek medical attention.
Using an ice pack will also help to stop the nose bleed because the cold temperature will cause the capillaries around the nose to constrict and reduce the blood flow to that area. Wrap some ice cubes in a cloth and place it on the bridge of the nose region for several minutes. Repeat this several times until the nose bleed has subsided.
Some people are sensitive to the surrounding air temperature and if the air is too dry then it can cause a nose bleed. A way to prevent this from occurring is to moisten the environment by using a humidifier in the room. This will help the lining of the nasal passages and the mucus membrane to be moist and prevent cracking and bleeds.
Certain medication can cause nose bleeds such as anticoagulants and aspirin (which prevent the clotting mechanism in the body). If you are susceptible to frequent nosebleeds or having increased episodes of nose bleeds due to anticoagulant medication you must go and speak to your doctor about this problem immediately.
Avoid certain food products that contain high levels of salicylates. This compound is very similar to aspirin and interferes with the body's own clotting mechanisms. Foods like raisins, tea, coffee, apricots, bell peppers, tomatoes should be avoided. Be proactive about your health and research the different types of food that might have high levels of this compound and adjust your diet accordingly. Speak with your nutritionist or your medical doctor.
For any person who have frequent bleeds it might place them at risk to becoming anemic so you should increase the intake and take regular vitamins and supplements, such as iron tablets and vitamin C. Also take the recommended daily dosage for your age and health status. If you are not sure about this then you should consult and speak with your doctor.