Handling environmental problems oftentimes is a complex issue, involving input from a variety of agencies and including the general public. Environmental problems of themselves are often complicated, especially when the source of the issue is not easily identified. Often, an environmental problem does not exist in isolation. Rather, it can be part of a complicated chain of issues, each with its own impact. Another factor complicates environmental problems—people. Most pollution is caused by human activities. Therefore, a solution may involve restrictions or cessations of certain activities.
Create a plan of action. After identifying the problem, agencies and interested parties can begin developing a plan for a solution to the environmental problem. A plan creates focus. Each party can have a clear role in its implementation.
Attempt to identify the causes by the process of elimination. Consider restricting access to the affected area to determine if human traffic is causing the issue. Sometimes just reducing the environmental pressures can allow the land to recover.
Contact legislators to create laws and regulations. The Clean Water Act of 1972, for example, does not have the provisions within it to regulate sources such as agricultural runoff. Another concern is cost. Cleanup is often expensive, requiring additional funding.