A nosebleed can occur for various reasons. Some people are prone to nosebleeds when they are in an area that is dry and lacks humidity. Others can get nosebleeds when they are at a high altitude. Still others get nosebleeds when they get into an accident or are in a fight. Regardless of the cause, there are several options available to stop and prevent a nosebleed.
Treating a Nosebleed - Blow your nose. Sometimes, one or more clots keep the blood vessels open in the nose. One good, swift blow of the nose may be enough to blow the clot(s) out. If so, the blood vessels can close around the tiny opening that is causing the bleeding and stop the bleeding. A simple, firm blow of the nose can sometimes be enough to stop the nosebleed on the spot and save a lot of trouble.
If this does not work, moisten some cotton with a decongestant, such as Afrin Nasal Spray, and plug the side of the nose that is bleeding with the wet cotton.
After you have blown your nose and packed it with cotton, use your thumb and index finger to squeeze shut the soft part of the nose. Keep pressure on the nose for 5 to 7 minutes. If this does not work, replace the cotton with a new swab and hold it again for another 5 to 7 minutes. After the second nose pinch is over, the bleeding should have subsided. You can leave the cotton in for a few more minutes to collect any residual blood.
Use an ice pack on the nose. These packs can be quite helpful because the cold temperature causes the blood vessels to narrow. When the vessels narrow, the bleeding subsequently lessens, as well.
Although one of the common practices is to lie down, this is not advised. While it may make less blood come out of the nose, it does not stop the bleeding. In fact, you are likely to swallow a good deal of blood.
Decreasing Nosebleed Risk - Use a humidifier to put more humidity into the air that you are breathing. When you breathe, your nose ensures that your lungs are getting enough humidity. Therefore, if you do not breathe in air that is already moist, the nose needs to work harder. Try filling the humidifier with distilled water, which can keep out impurities or chemicals that exist in tap water. Replace the filter in the humidifier often. If you have frequent nosebleeds, keep the humidifier in your bedroom running year-round.